The "A" class verb 'speak it' in present tense.

Root verb -woni-

ᏥᏬᏂᎭ tsi-woni-ha -- I am speaking it.

ᎯᏬᏂᎭ hi-woni-ha -- you are speaking it.

ᎦᏬᏂᎭ ga-woni-ha -- he/she/it is speaking it.

ᎢᏂᏬᏂᎭ ini-woni-ha -- the two of us (including you) are speaking it.

ᏍᏗᏬᏂᎭ sdi-woni-ha -- you two are speaking it.

ᎣᏍᏗᏬᏂᎭ osdi-woni-ha -- the two of us (not including you ) are speaking it.

ᎢᏗᏬᏂᎭ idi-woni-ha -- we all (including you) are speaking it.

ᎣᏥᏬᏂᎭ otsi-woni-ha -- we all (not including you) are speaking it.

ᎢᏥᏬᏂᎭ itsi-woni-ha -- you all are speaking it.

ᎠᏂᏬᏂᎭ ani-woni-ha -- they are speaking it.


Practice Sentences

1. Ꮎ ᎠᏧᏣ ᏣᎳᎩ ᎦᏬᏂᎭ. Na atsutsa tsalagi gawoniha.
The/that boy speaks Cherokee.

2. ᏣᎳᎩᏍᎪ ᏍᏗᏬᏂᎭ? Tsalagisgo sdiwoniha?
Are you two speaking Cherokee?

3. ᏲᏁᎬ ᎣᏥᏬᏂᎭ. Yonegv otsiwoniha.
We are speaking English.

4. ᎠᏍᏆᏂ ᎠᏂᏬᏂᎭ. Asgwani aniwoniha.
They are speaking Spanish.

5. ᏣᎳᎩ ᎢᏗᏬᏂᎭ. Tsalagi idiwoniha.
We are all speaking Cherokee.

6. ᏍᏓᏯ ᎦᏬᏂᎭ. Sdaya gawoniha.
S/he is speaking loudly.


Vocabulary

ᎠᏧᏣ atsutsa - a boy
ᏲᏁᎬ yonegv - English, Englishman
ᎠᏍᏆᏂ asgwani - Spanish, Mexican, Spaniard
ᏍᏓᏯ sdaya - hard, strong


Present Habitual

ᏥᏬᏂᏍᎪᎢ tsi-woni-sgo'i -- I speak it.

ᎯᏬᏂᏍᎪᎢ hi-woni-sgo'i -- you speak it.

ᎦᏬᏂᏍᎪᎢ ga-woni-sgo'i -- he/she/it speaks it.

ᎢᏂᏬᏂᏍᎪᎢ ini-woni-sgo'i -- the two of us (including you) speak it.

ᏍᏗᏬᏂᏍᎪᎢ sdi-woni-sgo'i -- you two speak it.

ᎣᏍᏗᏬᏂᏍᎪᎢ osdi-woni-sgo'i -- the two of us (not including you ) speak it.

ᎢᏗᏬᏂᏍᎪᎢ idi-woni-sgo'i -- we all (including you) speak it.

ᎣᏥᏬᏂᏍᎪᎢ otsi-woni-sgo'i -- we all (not including you) speak it.

ᎢᏥᏬᏂᏍᎪᎢ itsi-woni-sgo'i -- you all speak it.

ᎠᏂᏬᏂᏍᎪᎢ ani-woni-sgo'i -- they speak it.


Practice Sentences

1. Ꮎ ᎠᏧᏣ ᏣᎳᎩ ᎦᏬᏂᏍᎪᎢ ᏧᎩᏨᏅᏓ. Na atsutsa tsalagi gawonisgo'i tsugitsvnvda.
The/that boy speaks Cherokee everyday.

2. ᏣᎳᎩᏍᎪ ᎤᏙᏓ ᎦᏬᏂᏍᎪᎢ? Tsalagisgo udoda gawonisgo'i.
Does he speak Cherokee with his father?

3. ᏲᏁᎬ ᎣᏥᏬᏂᏍᎪᎢ. Yonegv otsiwonisgo'i.
We all (not you)speak English.

4. ᎠᏍᏆᏂ ᎠᏂᏬᏂᏍᎪᎢ ᏂᎬᎢ. Asgwani aniwonisgo'i nigv'i.
They speak Spanish everywhere.

5. ᏍᏓᏯ ᎦᏬᏂᏍᎪᎢ. Sdaya gawonisgo'i.
S/he speaks loud.


Vocabulary

ᏧᎩᏨᏅᏓ tsugitsvnvda - everyday
ᎤᏙᏓ udoda - his/her father
ᏂᎬᎢ nigv'i - everywhere


Remote Past

ᎠᎩᏬᏂᏒᎢ agi-wonis-v'i -- I spoke it.

ᏣᏬᏂᏒᎢ tsa-wonis-v'i -- you speak it.

ᎤᏬᏂᏒᎢ u-wonis-v'i -- he/she/it speaks it.

ᎩᏂᏬᏂᏒᎢ gini-wonis-v'i -- the two of us (including you) speak it.

ᏍᏗᏬᏂᏒᎢ sdi-wonis-v'i -- you two speak it.

ᎣᎩᏂᏬᏂᏒᎢ ogini-wonis-v'i -- the two of us (not including you ) speak it.

ᎢᎩᏬᏂᏒᎢ igi-wonis-v'i -- we all (including you) speak it.

ᎣᎩᏬᏂᏒᎢ ogi-wonis-v'i -- we all (not including you) speak it.

ᎢᏥᏬᏂᏒᎢ itsi-wonis-v'i -- you all speak it.

ᎤᏂᏬᏂᏒᎢ uni-wonis-v'i -- they speak it.


Imperative

ᎯᏬᏂᎯ! hiwonihi! - [you] speak it
ᏍᏗᏬᏂᎯ! sdiwonihi! - [you two] speak it!

Infinitive

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